Superwrite abbreviations

Superwrite introduction

See also: Cursive script East Asia Sun Guoting 's Treatise on Calligraphy, an example of cursive writing of Chinese characters In imperial China , clerks used an abbreviated, highly cursive form of Chinese characters to record court proceedings and criminal confessions. Vowel height is named for the vertical position of the tongue relative to either the roof of the mouth or the aperture of the jaw. Tombstone of Heinrich Roller , inventor of a German shorthand system, with a sample of his shorthand Modern-looking geometric shorthand was introduced with John Byrom 's New Universal Shorthand of For this reason, it is sometimes known as phonography, meaning "sound writing" in Greek. However, the development of writing systems, the process by which they have supplanted traditional oral systems of communication, have been sporadic and slow. Shorthand was used more in the past, before the invention of recording and dictation machines. Proto-writing lacked the ability to express a full range of thoughts and ideas; the invention of writing systems, which dates back to the beginning of the Bronze Age in the late Neolithic Era of the late 4th millennium BC, enabled the accurate durable recording of human history in a manner, not prone to the same types of error to which oral history is vulnerable. Vowels vary in quality, in loudness and in quantity, they are voiced, are involved in prosodic variation such as tone and stress. Prior to the Meiji era, Japanese did not have its own shorthand the kanji did have their own abbreviated forms borrowed alongside them from China. In his studies on what is now called Jungian archetypes , a sign stands for something known, as a word stands for its referent, he contrasted a sign with a symbol: something, unknown and that cannot be made clear or precise. In Nigeria, shorthand is still taught in higher institutions of learning, especially for students studying Office Technology Management and Business Education. Furigana are written alongside kanji, or Chinese characters, to indicate their pronunciation especially in juvenile publications. SuperWrite is an English shorthand system based largely on previous shorthand systems and largely intended for people who need to increase their writing speed without devoting months to learning more complicated torosgazete.

For other systems dictionaries of abbreviations are not available. Abugida — Expression of a vowel by the shape of a stroke, with the consonant indicated by orientation e.

Thus the symbol for B with symbol for T drawn directly above it represented "bat", while B with T below it meant "but". Positional abjad — Expression of an initial vowel by the height of the word in relation to the line, no necessary expression of subsequent vowels e.

superwrite dictionary online

Symbols facilitate understanding of the world in which we live, thus serving as the grounds upon which we make judgments. In imperial Chinaclerks used an abbreviated cursive form of Chinese characters to record court proceedings and criminal confessions; these records were used to create more formal transcripts.

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In classical Greece and Rome , the reduction of words to single letters was common. The reader needed to use the context to work out which alternative was meant. Personal names are symbols representing individuals. However, these alphabetic systems do have value for students who cannot dedicate the years necessary to master a stenographic shorthand. Majuscule, for palaeographers, is technically any script in which the letters have few or short ascenders and descenders , or none at all. However, there are some pure alphabetic systems, including Personal Shorthand , SuperWrite , Easy Script Speed Writing, and Keyscript Shorthand which limit their symbols to a priori alphabetic characters. Furigana are usually written using the hiragana syllabary; foreign words may not have a kanji form and are spelled out using katakana. In mathematics , on the other hand, letter case may indicate the relationship between objects, with upper-case letters representing "superior" objects. One cornerstone of imperial court proceedings was that all confessions had to be acknowledged by the signature, personal seal, or thumbprint. The term'meaning' can refer only to the first two but these, are in the charge of science —, the province as we have said, not of symbols but of signs; the ineffable, the unknowable, can be only sensed. However, the most successful system of this type was Gregg shorthand , introduced by John Robert Gregg in Classical antiquity[ edit ] The earliest known indication of shorthand systems is from the Parthenon in Ancient Greece , where a mid-4th century BC marble slab was found.

The student ambitious to succeed will endeavor to familiarize himself with all matters pertaining to stenography. Proto-writing lacked the ability to express a full range of thoughts and ideas; the invention of writing systems, which dates back to the beginning of the Bronze Age in the late Neolithic Era of the late 4th millennium BC, enabled the accurate durable recording of human history in a manner, not prone to the same types of error to which oral history is vulnerable.

superwrite words

Gabelsberger based his shorthand on the shapes used in German cursive handwriting rather than on the geometrical shapes that were common in the English stenographic tradition. When many monastery libraries were secularized in the course of the 16th-century Protestant Reformationlong-forgotten manuscripts of Tironian notes were rediscovered.

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