Directing is about the actuation of the methods to work efficiently to achieve the set organizational objectives. Organizing at the level of a particular job involves how best to design individual jobs to most effectively use human resources.
How to organize? These functions are planning, organizing, leading, and controlling.
These must be set with the organizational objectives in mind. Key Takeaway The principles of management can be distilled down to four critical functions. It requires the use of authority to achieve those ends as well as the ability to communicate effectively.
This P-O-L-C framework provides useful guidance into what the ideal job of a manager should look like. Tip Originally, there were five management functions, but management book authors have condensed them to four: planning, organizing, leading and controlling.
In our example of having the objective to increase sales in a particular month, controlling would be the function that measures whether the sales are increasing and helps to correct the situation if the specified target is not getting closer.
While certain theorists and experts might disagree whether there are three, four, five or six functions, the consensus agrees on the detailed representations of the above skills, processes and structures.