Apush gilded age

After the completion of the Transcontinental Railroad inthe demand for the production of railways and train cars and eventually, the transportation of goods and people, became overwhelming.

Gilded age politics

Rogers , J. Convinced God had instructed her to use whatever means necessary to close bars throughout Kansas , she was often beaten, mocked and jailed but ultimately helped pave the way for the 18th Amendment prohibiting the sale of alcohol and the 19th Amendment giving women the right to vote. Hotels, resorts, and tourist attractions were built to accommodate the demand. By , membership had plummeted to fewer than ,, then faded away. But while the middle and upper classes enjoyed the allure of city life, little changed for the poor. Local merchants and shippers supported the demand and got some " Granger Laws " passed. The cars were cooled by slabs of ice that had been harvested from the northern lakes in wintertime, and stored for summer and fall usage.

Women in the Gilded Age Upper-class women of the Gilded Age have been compared to dolls on display dressed in resplendent finery. From tothe U. They generated political unrest.

gilded age apush review

Hiring, firing, and wage rates were set not by foremen, but by central administrators, in order to minimize favoritism and personality conflicts. The Gilded Age brought immense economic and technological advances and thrust the United States to the forefront of economic productivity in the world.

Communication capabilities beyond the Pony Express became a necessity as businesses and people spread across the country. These regulations initially did little to curb the power of these massive monopolies as the businessmen found loopholes to avoid it.

Apush gilded age

Political machines like Tammany Hall took advantage of the needs of these immigrants to consolidate political power and benefit financially from their positions, using a process known as graft. These men, along with many others became some of the most powerful men in the country as they were able to create historical fortunes by bringing all these innovations to the masses at affordable prices. The rise of unions and increased frequency of strikes became central to the combative relationship between worker and employer. Louis and Chicago , looking for work and hastening the urbanization of America. It is generally given as the beginning of the Progressive Era in the s sometimes the United States presidential election of [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12] but also falls in a range that includes the Spanish—American War in , Theodore Roosevelt 's accession to the presidency in , and even the U. There was a sense that government-enabled political machines intervened in the economy and that the resulting favoritism, bribery, inefficiency, waste, and corruption were having negative consequences. Railroads invented modern management, with clear chains of command, statistical reporting, and complex bureaucratic systems. The strike and associated riots lasted 45 days and resulted in the deaths of several hundred participants no police or soldiers were killed , several hundred more injuries, and millions in damages to railroad property. With support from Union veterans , businessmen , professionals, craftsmen, and larger farmers, the Republicans consistently carried the North in presidential elections. They also denounced imperialism and overseas expansion. Many immigrants were unskilled and willing to work long hours for little pay. The emerging influence of the Progressive Movement was felt as lobbyists pushed for federal legislation resulting in the passage of the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act. They argued that tariffs made most goods more expensive for the consumer and subsidized "the trusts" monopolies. American steel production rose to surpass the combined totals of Britain, Germany, and France.

Nevertheless, many business leaders were influenced by Herbert Spencer's theory of Social Darwinismwhich justified laissez-faire capitalism, ruthless competition and social stratification.

The union defied federal court orders to stop blocking the mail trains, so President Cleveland used the U.

Gilded age significance

The economy repeated this period of growth in the s, in which the wealth of the nation grew at an annual rate of 3. These unions used frequent short strikes as a method to attain control over the labor market, and fight off competing unions. Robber Barons Railroad tycoons were just one of many types of so-called robber barons that emerged in the Gilded Age. Another journalist, Ida Tarbell , spent years investigating the underhanded rise of oilman John D. Shoppers from small towns could make day trips to big city stores. Both the number of unskilled and skilled workers increased, as their wage rates grew. Travel from New York to San Francisco now took six days instead of six months. Even so, the working class continued to unite and press their cause and often won at least some of their demands.
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The Gilded Age